Under modern law, refugees have no choice but to leave their homes; migrants choose to move elsewhere.
A person who flees is said to be a refugee. More deeply if a person flees from his country to some another country just to skips some danger than he is said to be a refugee .According to the UN refugee agency, 25.4 million people are refugees today.
As we see the whole history, many people individually and sometimes the whole groups have left their homes to escape political persecution and other threats over them. “Refugee” is a word comes from the Latin word “refugium,” which means “the act of taking refuge,” and was first used in France (“réfugié”) to refer to the frauds —French Protestants who fled to other countries after a law protecting their religious liberty was officially cancel something so that it is no longer valid in 1685.
Also Read: The Hayleys Story: How a British Businessman Started One Of Sri Lanka’s Biggest Companies
People misunderstood between two terms “refugee” and “migrant” so I want to tell you that both of them have modern legal meanings. Under the 1951 Refugee Convention, there is a legal document that was signed by 145 countries it defines the term a refugee so refugee is “a person who is outside his or her country of nationality or habitual residence; and they have a well-founded fear of being persecuted because of his or her race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail him- or herself of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution.”
Under the development and according to modern law, a refugee has to leave his house and have to migrate because poverty forced them to do so. Refugees lack that protection when migrants retain the protection of their home country.
There is a right known as The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights it recognizes people’s right to asylum in other countries if they are persecuted and help them. This right is being there from very ancient time ,as in ancient Greece, when people could find sanctuary at shrines of the gods they worshiped. Also in 597, King Ethelbert of Kent recognized churches as sacred places and made it illegal to breach their peace, establishing churches as places of sanctuary where people seeking shelter from persecution could not be touched.
Also Read: History of The Airplane
As given information it is concluded that the Modern refugee law was emerged after World War II, when political persecution displaced millions. more than 340,000 Jews emigrated from Germany and Austria After the Nazis’ rise to power and the Holocaust. And it is also said that they, they faced political resistance from those countries that did not want to grant them asylum, During the war and at least 100,000 took shelter in countries that were subsequently conquered by Germany. And also, After the war, more than 250,000 were given asylum by various countries and became “displaced persons”.
1.7 million new claims were submitted by asylum-seekers in 2017. Since then, war, persecution, and political conflict in places like North Korea, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cambodia, Yemen, Syria, Venezuela and others have created tens of millions of refugees. And also, the United States, Germany, and Italy led the world in asylum applications.
The estimation taken by UN refugee agency is that in every two second one person is forcibly displaced from home due to conflict or persecution. They also have to face challenges relating to poverty, education, language, sexual violence, exploitation and human trafficking, health and more. And as we know that Those challenges can lead beyond political asylum and resettlement.