As we know they are Rejected by the country so usually they were born in and brought up by the neighbouring states, the Rohingya are among the most vulnerable amongst forcibly displaced groups.
After the August 25 violence in Western Myanmar of the Rohingya have been fleeing Myanmar. The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), which places them among the “the most vulnerable groups of the forcibly displaced” told this that a total of 87,000 Rohingyas have arrived in Bangladesh on the very next Monday. There were several of the questions raised Are they really citizens of Myanmar? Why are they leaving now? Here is a lowdown on the issue.
Rohingya is said to be a group of are an ethnic people, most of them are comprising Muslims, who are dominating the lives in the Western Myanmar province of Rakhine. The language they speak is a dialect of Bengali, as opposed to the commonly spoken Burmese language.
As it is seen that they have been living in the South East Asian country from many generations, and according to Myanmar Rohingya are considers as persons who migrated to their land during the Colonial rule. So, their full citizenship is not granted. According to the law of Burmese citizenship law, a Rohingya (or any ethnic minority) is eligible for citizenship only if he/she provides proof that his/her ancestors have lived in the country prior to 1823. Else, they are known as “resident foreigners” or as “associate citizens” (even if one of the parent is a Myanmar citizen).
As they do not belong from the same state so also they are not entitled to be part of civil service. Most of their movements are also restricted within the Rakhine state.
What happened in 2012?
Myanmar is a state, which was ruled by the military junta to 2011, it has been accused of ethnic cleansing in Rakhine by the United Nations. It sent thousands of Rohingya to Bangladesh in the 70s and the citizenship law was also regulated by the junta. It is seen that things really changed little for the Rohingya even after the political reforms in 2011 that for them it leads eventually to the first general elections in 2015, as the democratically-elected government-headed by President Htin Kyaw has been unwilling to grant citizenship to them.
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When the election held in June 2012 all the violence between Rohingyas and Rakhine’s Buddhist natives began flamed up, starting from the rape and murder of a Rakhine woman in a Rohingya-dominated locality. The riots, who are declared to be the culprit went disappear for almost a month.
Some other round of riots broke out in October, and this becomes a reason due to which the government moved around a million Rohingyas to refugee camps. Some of them flied to asylum in South East Asian nations of Thailand, The Phillipines, Indonesia and Malaysia.
What happened on August 25 this year?
It was seen that on August 25 In Myanmar the Muslim militants staged a coordinated attack on 30 police posts and an army base in Rakhine state. The Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), a group previously known as Harakah al-Yaqin, which were into the October attacks, claimed responsibility for the attacks. In the attacks launched by Army at least 59 of the insurgents and 12 security personnel were killed.
The “clearance operations” to root out ARSA launched by the Myanmar military has once again affected the lives of Rohingya, many of whom have been living in relief camps since 2012. Reports of villages being torched, civilian deaths, and Rohingya youths being picked up for interrogation have followed the militant attack.
Why is Bangladesh having a problem with the Rohingya?
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As Rohingya fled from Myanmar to Bangladesh they are said to be almost 87000 since late 2016. And this has been increasing since August 25. It is seen through that About five lakh Rohingyas have already taken shelter in Bangladesh from last two decades and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina is not allowing to take any of them more. infact She has even urged the United States to pressurise on Myanmar to stop the sending of Rohingyas. “We have given shelter to a huge number of Rohingya refugees on humanitarian grounds and it’s a big problem for us,” she had said.
What about Rohingya in India?
Also in india According to the Ministry of Home Affairs there are approximately 40,000 Rohingyas living here. From Bangladesh they are reaching to india just by following the land route from last few years. MoS Home Affairs, Kiren Rijiju, recently informed the parliament that all the Rohingyas in India were included as “illegal immigrants” and they will leave india soon, this was a decision which makes sense and surprised many given the record of India accepting refugees.
the Home Ministry in an advisory to said “infiltration from Rakhine State of Myanmar into Indian territory…besides being burden on the limited resources of the country also aggravates the security challenges posed to the country.” And they do not even mention Rohingya there.